The Church of Saint Spyridon of Trimythous and the chapel are designed in the Byzantine style, but in their monumentality, moderate decoration, materials and color palette the ensemble sends us to the images of churches-fortresses of Belarus (Church of Archangel Michael in Synkovichy, Church of the Nativity of the Theotokos in Murovanka). Its bell tower is close in style to the bell tower on the island of Corfu where the relics of Saint Spyridon rest. The chapel is designed to the south-east of the site, on the side of the park. It is a compact, but capacious rotunda with galleries and bow windows. Its tectonics is oriented towards early Christian rotundas of Byzantium, in particular the church of Santa Foasca in Torcello (Italy).
The church is situated in Frunzensky District in Minsk at the crossroads of Mazurova and Skripnikova Streets. The church building is designed in north-western part of the site, closer to the street junction, and is clearly visible from all four directions.
In the north, the building site is bounded by Mazurova Street, in the west – by Skripnikova Street, closer to the east there is Divivelka city park. The relief of the territory is predominantly flat. Along the western border there is a slope with a drop of up to 3 m. The building spot is limited by protection zones of underground engineering networks. The project provides the moving of a gravity domestic wastewater and a supply pipeline with a diameter of 160 mm. It is also assumed to move two power line poles, the security zone of which currently occupies a significant part of the site.
The driveway to the building complex is designed from Skripnikova Street. For pedestrian access two staircases are provided from the sidewalk level of the same street: in front of the main entrance to the temple and in the south-west of the site. Two walkways lead to the territory from Mazurova Street, the crossroads and the park. Two open parking lots for 22 cars are provided for parishioners and the staff, one of which is designed for people with disabilities.
The general plan provides for the fire passage around the buildings and the possibility of carrying out religious processions. Conceptually it is permitted to plant greenery on the site, place benches and small forms of fencing.
The church building includes two blocks: liturgical and a parish house, designed for social, educational, domestic and technical needs. The temple in its composition and planning consists of the porch, the main volume, side galleries, the altar and the bell tower, and it can accommodate 650 people. The temple is one-dome and pillar-less. The main volume is covered with four bearing arches, which form a cross vault with sloping crowns of arches, and is topped by a traditional Byzantine dome with a tholobate and proper roofing. On the southern and northern sides of the main building there are galleries in which the Calvary is supposed to be placed with a funeral table and a confessional place. Parts of the galleries adjacent to the altar are divided into the sacristy and a separate room for sacristans. The altar is traditionally elevated from the floor of the main part of the temple and is covered with arches. Its central part ends with an apse with a conch. On the second level there are choirs. The nave and the space under the choirs are covered with cross vaults. The choirs are a U-shaped gallery. Its volume is used for the precentor’s room and an office. From the level of the choir there is a transition to a clergy block, as well as to the bell tower along a spiral staircase. In the porch you can find the cloakroom, the church shop, the office of a priest on duty, and the room for cleaning equipment. The temple is raised by an average of 0.86 m above the ground level. The main entrance is located on the western side of the building. There are also three additional entrances, one of which is equipped with a ramp for PRM.
The second part of the temple is designed for the parish needs, as well as for missionary, educational, social and charity activities. The clergy block has two floors and a basement. In the project it is a rectangular building with two avant-corpses and a pitched roof. All the necessary engineering facilities are situated in the basement along with a workshop, a multi-purpose hall, and bathrooms for visitors with a separate entrance from the street. On the ground floor, there is a refectory with a terrace and a church shop. At one of the entrances there is a lift for PRM. On the first floor there are classrooms for studies, offices and an assembly hall with a balcony and a separate evacuation ladder. The first floor has flat boarded ceilings, with the exception of the assembly hall. There is a passage to the choirs from the corridor of the first floor. The passage itself can be used for Sunday school lessons.
The chapel is a rotunda with a diameter of 10 m and a 3-meter cloister which is part of the room for worshipers. A font is designed in the southern bay window apse. Also, in the volume of the gallery there is a room for changing clothes for the baptized, as well as space for the candle shop and the choir. The building structure is a dome with 16 light openings on four trumpet arches and four arch walls. The galleries are covered with cross vaults. Bay windows from the south and north are crowned with conches. In the altar part there are 2 cross vaults, and in the center there is a cylindrical vault which ends with a conch with an apse under it. The floor is raised by 0.45 m above the ground level. The building has three exits. Apart from the stairs, the main porch has a ramp for PRM. The facades are decorated with pilasters, mosaic fragments, and bas-reliefs.
The material of the walls of the buildings is brick. It is possible to use claydite-concrete blocks in the walls of the clergy part of the church. The foundation is made of reinforced concrete. Roof coverings are made of copper and folded metal. The external wall tiling is made with facing brick, plaster with the use of decorative elements, and bas-reliefs from glass fiber reinforced concrete imitating stone, as well as natural stone. Sealing of joints is going to be done with lime and cement mortar.
Religious organization “Parish of Saint Spyridon of Trimythous Church in Minsk Diocese of Minsk Belarusian Orthodox Church”